Luke 3:1 says “Now in the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar, Pontius Pilate being governor of Judaea, and Herod being tetrarch of Galilee, and his brother Philip tetrarch of Ituraea and of the region of Trachonitis, and Lysanias the tetrarch of Abilene,” the 15th year of Tiberius is A.D. 29, so John the Baptist begins his ministry on Tishri 1st in A.D. 29. A few months later in A.D.29/30 Jesus is baptized by John on Nisan the 10th. A few months later Jesus reads Isaiah 61 on the Sabbath day of Rosh Hashanah, Tishri the 1st in the Sabbatical year of A.D. 30. His ministry would last 3 1/2 years.
FRIDAY: Nisan the 14th, A.D. 33, the Feast of Passover. Jesus is 39 years old when he is crucified. So, ‘Good Friday’ is actually correct. The Feast of Unleavened Bread was on Nisan the 15th; it was a High Sabbath week. Friday is also the preparation of the Passover (John 19: 14). Matt. 27: 1-56, Mark 15: 1-41, Luke 22: 66-23: 49, John 18: 28-19: 37. Now Jesus has been crucified, and it is now close to the evening time, 6pm Friday night ending, and the Sabbath beginning. Joseph takes Jesus’ body to bury it before the Sabbath: Matt.27: 57-61, Mark 15: 42-47, Luke 23: 50-56, John 19: 38-42.
SATURDAY: Nisan the 15th, the Sabbath. The feast of Unleavened Bread. The chief priest and Pharisees come together to ask Pilate to seal the tomb of Jesus: Matt. 27: 62-66.
SUNDAY: Nisan the 16th, the first day of the week. Mary Magdalene, and the other Mary come to anoint the body of Jesus, but they are met by the Angel of the Lord; and he declares unto them that Jesus has risen from the dead: Matt. 28: 1-8, Mark 16: 1-8, Luke 24: 1-9, John 20: 1-2. Jesus declared unto his disciples that he would rise again: Matt. 12: 40 says “For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whales belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.” So, Jesus died Friday and was in the grave by evening time 6pm. 6pm Friday to 6pm Saturday is 24 hours, 6pm Saturday to 6pm Sunday is 24 hours, a total of 48 hours, but we must account for Thursday as the beginning of suffering in the Garden where he is praying and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood. Thursday was the beginning of Nisan the 14th at evening. So that makes a total of 72 hours. Jesus arose early Sunday morning while it was yet dark, that’s not three days and three nights as was described in Matthew 12: 40.
Notice when Jesus met the women at the tomb after his resurrection; Jesus tells them not to touch him: John 20: 17 says “… Touch me not; for I am not yet ascended to my Father: but go to my brethren, and say unto them, I ascend unto my Father, and your Father, and to my God, and your God.” This lets us know that even though Jesus was finished atoning for our sins there was something yet being completed. On the road toward Emmaus in the Gospel of Luke he opened the scriptures to the disciples: Luke 24: 27 says “And beginning at Moses and all the prophets, he expounded unto them in all the Scriptures the things concerning himself.” It is important for us to notice the significance of these passages. Note that at the same Jesus was declaring the word about ‘The WORD’ unto them; he was preaching the same word to the spirits in prison which were in hell: 1Peter 3: 18-19 and 4: 6 says “For Christ also hath once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit: By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison… for this cause was the gospel preached also to them that are dead, that they might be judged according to men in the flesh, but live according to God in the spirit.” Jesus fills all space and time! In the evening time, he tells the disciples to touch him: John 20: 19-20 says “Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you. And when he had so said, he showed unto them his hands and his side. Then were the disciples glad, when they saw the Lord.”
Luke explains the same event with more detail: Luke 24: 39 says “Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I myself: Handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.” By Sunday evening the fulfilment of Jesus’ prophecy of being in the heart of the earth for three days and three nights was complete.
But why is Jesus 39 and not 33 years old?